The impeccable beauty and the grandeur of Taj Mahal in Agra, India have intrigued many architects and even commoners to know in depth about the architecture of the Taj Mahal. The architectural techniques and styles that have been applied in the making of the Taj Mahal have rendered it one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is truly amazing to know that Taj Mahal's Architectural Techniques and Styles have been inspired by as varied as Persian, Indian and Turkish designs.
The intricate and refined Architectural techniques and styles of Taj Mahal have drawn the attention of many of the esteemed architects, engineers, historians and common man alike across the globe. Of the various elements of the Taj Mahal the one that catches the immediate attention of the onlookers is the imposing spherical dome. The architectural features of the dome reflect the genius of Ismail Khan, the man behind its design. The dome of Taj Mahal has earned several sobriquets of which onion dome or guava dome are few.
Another brilliant example of the Taj Mahal's Architectural Techniques and Styles is the lotus design that can be seen at the top of the dome. The lotus-design atop the dome complements its height to the perfection. Besides, on a closer look at the dome, you will get to notice that the architectural patterns that are followed in the making of the dome are similar to that of Hindu and Persian designs. Also, adding to the beauty of the Dome is a bronze spire which was made originally of solid gold but after the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 19th century it was looted. The spire also comprises the mix of Persian and Hindu architectural styles. You can easily make out this looking at the finial of the spire which contains a crescent-shaped moon. This crescent moon resembles the Hindu deity Lord Shiva’s symbol.
These apart, if you consider the Taj Mahal’s Architectural techniques and styles as a whole then you will see that at the base of the Taj Mahal there are four elegant minarets placed at four corners. Each minaret rises up to 40 meters in sky. These minarets are symbolic of Muslim architectural patterns. But as per the architectural technique is to be considered, these minarets have been designed as a shield to the entire structure. The minarets are tilted slightly towards the outer edge of the structure to save it from the damaging effects of the earthquake.
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